Basic SEO Tutorial for Beginners

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Even though a few try and categorize search engine optimization as a technological know-how, the reality is that search engine optimization is as a whole lot artwork as it is technology, perhaps more so. if you already know the fundamentals of seo, or would really like to dive in with a comprehensive beginner’s manual, then download our free seo-GuidePDF. in case you are a bit rusty, you may brush up on your search engine optimization jargon by means of reviewing our seo glossary.


Fixing SEO Problems

Optimized websites should not be overrun with basic problems that may negatively impact the computer programme friendliness of the location. To accomplish this, there square measure some basic tips to follow so as to handle the foremost vital of those problems.seo

Fixing Duplicate Content

Many websites be afflicted by lackluster rankings due to reproduction content and the improper perception that any content material is ideal content. good content can be king, but duplicate content is poison to the fitness of a website. do away with all and any duplicate content you may have in your web page, whether or not the content material changed into generated deliberately or it’s far just a characteristic of awful records architecture design.

Short, yet descriptive URLs which are free of session IDs

URLs are a good way of telling visitors what the page is all about (if nothing else). A URL such tells the user nothing about the page. Why not use something like There is no good reason for not using the short and descriptive URL. Aside from making the site more user-friendly, the short descriptive URLs will also be search engine friendly. The keyword in the URL will contribute to improved rankings.

Customizable titles tags

As the most important element of the on-site optimization process, the title tag should be utilized to the fullest extent, and this cannot be done unless each and every page on your site has an independently customizable title tag.

Independently customizable description and keyword meta tags

Even though the meta tags are the (much) weaker of the title tag, it is still advisable to customize the keyword and description meta tags. If for nothing else, the description meta tag can be used to provide the search engines relevant and optimized marketing text for the snippet displayed on the search engine result pages (SERPs).

Complex and non search engine friendly navigation

The search engines should be ready to index your pages before they will rank them. thus if the design of your web site could be a roadblock to the compartmentalization of your pages, no quantity of content optimisation can facilitate the ranking potential for your web site.

Develop a straightforward to use and logical website structure, and ensure the navigation isn’t a hindrance to the programme spiders (e.g. do not hide your navigation in Flash or JavaScript), however a map for locating every and each page. Note: Even with an ideal steering structure, you may still have the benefit of having Associate in Nursing actual sitemap.

Keyword Research

earlier than doing any seo to your website, it is vital to set dreams closer to which you could attempt. The most primary of those desires is ranking for a specific set of key phrases. though you may think the maximum famous key phrases in your enterprise are those for which you must rank, it’s far vital to keep in mind that first-class (like in many other matters), in preference to quantity, is what’s vital.

to illustrate, shall we embrace you’ve got a internet site that sells blue (and handiest blue) widgets. Your first concept, with regards to rankings and key-word choice, may (and maximum likely) can be that your site has to rank for the phrase ‘widgets’ for you to be successful. So let us see if that is in truth actual.

allow us to say that the key phrases ‘widgets’ has a month-to-month seek quantity of five,000. And allow’s additionally say that thru top notch efforts (given that ‘widgets’ goes to be a quite hard keyword to rank for) you (or the organisation you hire) manipulate to get your web page to rank within the #1 function in all search engines. let us additionally assume that each search engine user who searches for the key-word ‘widgets’ ends up clicking on the number 1 listing (which isn’t always the case). Now, the 5,000 searches performed via seek engine customers for the term ‘widget’ may be broken down into two very vast classes: people who are searching to shop for a widget (of some shade), and people who are simply seeking out facts on widgets. What is also genuine, is that the ones looking to make a buy are likely going to be interesting in a diffusion of colors, no simplest blue widgets. It ought to be clean via now that a massive part of the five,000 visitors with a purpose to be coming for your website online by the distinctive feature of your not likely high ratings aren’t going to be inquisitive about what you have to provide on account that your website gives most effective blue widgets. this is the maximum fundamental cause, why key-word studies and selection are vital for a successful and sustainable seo campaign.

considering your website makes a speciality of blue widgets, wouldn’t it make more sense to disregard the deceptively massive seek extent of the term ‘widgets’ and as a substitute concentrate your efforts at the back of ranking for the term ‘blue widgets’ (and variations thereof)? if you are uncertain of the answer, it is “sure, it does make extra experience to ignore the deceptively large search volume.” other than lack of specificity, the term ‘widgets’ can be very hard to rank for, given that it’s far a more frequent time period compared to ‘blue widgets’.

the extent of competition of a keyword will dictate the quantity of effort it’ll require to gain high ratings for said key-word. So given the fact that a accepted term like ‘widgets’ is extraordinarily difficult to rank for, and is tons less likely to help create a conversion for your internet site compared to a term which includes ‘blue widgets’, would not it make sense to pursue scores for a key-word which has less competition, and a better ability to send nicely-converting site visitors? the answer, once more, is “sure, it does make experience.”

There are a variety of tools you may use to analyze keywords, however one of the key-word research tools which has to the maximum up to date and dependable records is the Google AdWords keyword device. you would possibly say, “however, Mr. seo article author man, that could be a key-word tool particularly designed for AdWords, that is a pay in keeping with click on advertising platform.” And Mr. seo article writer guy could say, “what’s the distinction? The tool nevertheless presents the equal exact statistics you would need to assess whether or not or not to pursue ratings for a specific keyword.”

Now that we’ve that settled, make certain you pay interest when it comes to keyword selection, ensuring the keywords for which you’ll use up effort to be able to rank aren’t going to be a waste of your time and money.

Understanding your niche, the competition, and what your site is capable of

If you’ve recently started an auction site, ebay is not your competition. Keep that example in mind when you are trying to figure out what keywords to pick. If your site (a single page is not a website) is new (less than a year old), you will need to make some compromises about the type of keywords you can start your optimization process with. Going back to the auction site example, you would be well advised to stay away from the keyword ‘auction’. This is not to say that you should ignore the prominent keywords for your industry, but you also should not expect to see results for a long while.seo

Developing a list of 80 to 100 words (the list will be narrowed down)

Start with a large list of keywords and narrow down to pick the ones best suited for your site, product (service) type, service area, and so on. What follows is a list of quick tips for narrowing down the list of keywords.

Start with the most popular keywords in your industry

Use the myriad of research tools available online (e.g. Google Adwords Keyword Tool) to expand your list based on what you think are the most popular keywords.

Narrow down the list to areas you specialize in (if any)

If you sell shoes and specialize in walking shoes, don’t use the term “women’s shoes” just because it has more searches. This by no way means that you should not include “women’s shoes”, but perhaps your optimization will be better served if you used “women’s walking shoes”. The search numbers may be much lower, but you’ll get the type of visitor that is much more likely to buy, once on your site.

Don’t choose keywords solely based on the search volume

As stated above, don’t be swayed by big numbers. A keyword with a search volume of 20,000 per month will have a high level of competition and it may take your site a year or two to get to the first page of the listings (not even #1) , and even then you will only get a fraction of the 20,000 visiting your site. What if you pick a keyword that has only 1000 searches but you are able to rank #1 for it within a few months? Getting all or a big chunk of 1000 within a few short months is much better than getting little to none of the 20,000.

No matter how many products you have, don’t start the initial stage of your optimization with more than 30-50 keywords

Selecting a reasonable number of keywords will help you better utilize your resources, and to build long term and sustainable success on short term achievements.

Choose a balance of low, mid and high competition keywords (based on your site’s ranking potential*)

Though you should not ignore the high end keywords even if your site is brand new, the proportion of the hyper-competitive keywords should be smaller compared to the mid-range and low-end keywords. Remember, do not get distracted by large search numbers.

Optimizing Your Website

These instructions are meant to be an introduction into the world of SEO. They can also be used to make sure that the SEO company that you have hired is doing a thorough job.

Customized Titles

In ‘Eliminating Problems’ portion of this tutorial we spoke about the ability to independently customize each and every page title. Take advantage of this capability and customize the titles of your pages to accurately describe the content of your pages.

Customized description and keyword meta tags

Similar to the title tag, but less important (as far as SEO is concerned), the description and keyword meta tags should be customized to reflect the content of the page they represent.

Customized headings and sub headings for your pages

Headings (H1-H6) can and should be thought of as titles and subtitles (or headings and subheadings), and should be used exactly as they were intended. The most important topic of your page would have an H1 heading, followed by a subsection of that topic which should have an H2 heading (and so on). This structure assumes that you have subsections to your topic on a particular page; if you do not then of course you would simply use an H1 as the main heading and leave it at that. Just like the title, and meta tags, the headings should be descriptive.

Well written, user-centric content

When writing content, the most important thing is to make sure it is of high quality, unique, and useful in some way–it can be full of facts, ideas, entertaining prose or something that sets it apart from the other pages on the Internet that cover the same topic. If your content brings nothing new to the table, it won’t be allowed at the table at all–the table being ‘good rankings’.

Do not spend your time worrying about keyword density, and concentrate the quality. If you are writing about widgets, you cannot help but mention widgets in your text, just be mindful of the variety of keyword you are targeting and when appropriate use keyword variations to avoid overuse of a particular keyword.seo

Logical and helpful internal link structure (in-line links)

As with most (if not all) things in search engine optimization, logic is king. So when it comes to internal linking, logic should be your main guide. You should be able to justify In-line links in your content by the benefit they provide to the reader. Does a particular keyword mentioned in your content on page ‘A’ have a dedicated page (page ‘B’) on your site? Why not link that keyword to page ‘B’? In some cases you may want (or need) to develop new content to facilitate this process.

Things To DO Things To Not DO
Make your titles and headings descriptive but simple. Stuff your titles with keywords, or repeat the same keyword multiple times.
Make sure your textual content is well researched, well written, and useful in some fashion. Write content that is stuffed with keywords, but offers little value to site visitors.
Create content that addresses a specific topic while using relevant keywords. Select a list of keywords and create “optimized” pages for each individual keyword, which consists of nothing more than rehashed paragraphs with mainly the targeted keyword as the only variation. You shouldn’t have pages like “Blue Widgets Los Angeles”, “Blue Widgets San Francisco”, “Blue Widgets New York”.
Include keywords in your file names. Stuff your file names with keywords, creating monstrosities such as “cheap-blue-widgets-in-los-angeles-blue-widgets.html”
Always work on improving your content and keeping it up-to-date. Constantly add new pages to the site which offer no useful information, nor are interesting nor entertaining, but are there only to serve the search engines and to show them how much optimized content you have.

Link Building

Before you embark on a link building campaign, ask yourself whether you have anything worth linking to, otherwise you’ll be stuck doing the same thing millions of other website owners do, which is low quality linking campaigns (e.g., free directory submissions, blog and forum comments, etc). Every successful link building campaign starts with a website that has content worth linking to. If you don’t have that, your time and money will be better spent on developing such content.

Assuming you have some wonderful, and unique content on your site, there are some basic linking strategies you can utilize to get you started on the right track.

Niche directory submissions

Manually researched niche directories which can usually be found on industry related sites. These types of directories can either be free or offer a paid option. In either case, you’ll get a link from a relevant website. These types of links are not of the highest quality, but will do well in establishing a nice foundation for your website’s link profile.

Link requests

vSending link requests to manually researched websites which offer complementary content, whose users could benefit from information available on your site.

Paid directory submissions

High quality paid directory submissions which offer a category suitable for your product or service. Examples of such directories include Yahoo! Directory,, and Best of the Web.

Creating linkable content

If you are an expert in your field, you can utilize your expertise to write helpful articles for other websites which might benefit from your work. In return for providing such websites with original content, you would request backlinks from bylines included from within those articles or blog posts. Keep in mind that you would not want to publish an article at more than one location, as the effect created by the duplicate content will be counterproductive, as search engines only assign value to the content they perceive to be the original version.

Links from organizations

Join industry organizations (such as local chambers of commerce) which include a link to their members’ websites. This list represents an introduction of what is possible when it comes to link building.



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